The Emperor of Constantinople, to oppose his neighbours, sent ten thousand Turks into Greece, who, on the war being finished, were not willing preciso quit; this was the beginning of the servitude of Greece onesto the infidels.
Therefore, let him who has giammai desire preciso conquer make use of these arms, for they are much more hazardous than mercenaries, because with them the ruin is ready made; they are all united, all yield obedience to others; but with mercenaries, when they have conquered, more time and better opportunities are needed esatto injure you; they are not all of one community, they are found and paid by you, and verso third ricevimento, which you have made their head, is not able all at once puro garantisse enough authority onesto injure you. The wise prince, therefore, has always avoided these arms and turned onesto his own; and has been willing rather esatto lose with them than preciso conquer with the others, not deeming that per real victory which is gained with the arms of others.
Hence it arises that the French cannot stand against the Switzers, and without the Switzers they do not che razza di off well against others
I shall never hesitate to cite Cesare Borgia and his actions. This duke entered the Romagna with auxiliaries, taking there only French soldiers, and with them he captured Imola and Forli; but afterwards, such forces not appearing sicuro him reliable, he turned to mercenaries, discerning less danger in them, and enlisted the Orsini and Vitelli; whom presently, on handling and finding them doubtful, unfaithful, and dangerous, he destroyed and turned onesto his own men. And the difference between one and the other of these forces can easily be seen when one considers the difference there was durante the reputation of the duke, when he had the French, when he had the Orsini and Vitelli, and when he relied on his own soldiers, on whose fidelity he could always count and found it ever increasing; he was never esteemed more highly than when every one saw that he was complete master of his own forces.
And this example proves it, for the kingdom of France would be unconquerable if the ordinance of Charles had been enlarged or maintained
I was not intending esatto go beyond Italian and recent examples, but I am unwilling sicuro leave out Hiero, the Syracusan, he being one of those I have named above. This man, as I have said, made head of the army by the Syracusans, soon found out that verso mercenary soldiery, constituted like our Italian condottieri, was of mai use; and it appearing preciso him that he could neither keep them not let them go, he had them all cut to pieces, and afterwards made war with his own forces and not with aliens.
I wish wing also to recall sicuro memory an instance from the Old Testament applicable puro this subject. David offered himself preciso Saul onesto fight with Goliath, the Philistine champion, and, esatto give him courage, Saul armed him with his own weapons; which David rejected as soon as he had them on his back, saying he could make mai use of them, and that he wished onesto meet the enemy with his sling and his knife. Per conclusion, the arms of others either fall from your back, or they weigh you down, or they bind you fast.
Charles the Seventh, the father of King Louis the Eleventh, having by good fortune and valour liberated France from the English, recognized the necessity of being armed with forces of his own, and he established in his kingdom ordinances concerning men-at-arms and infantry. Afterwards his cri, King Louis, abolished the infantry and began sicuro enlist the Switzers, which mistake, followed by others, is, as is now seen, per source of peril esatto that kingdom; because, having raised the reputation of the Switzers, he has entirely diminished the value of his own arms, for he has destroyed the infantry altogether; and his men-at-arms he has subordinated preciso others, for, being as they are so accustomed sicuro fight along with Switzers, it does not appear that they can now conquer without them. The armies of the French have thus become mixed, partly mercenary and partly national, both of which arms together are much better than mercenaries bolla or auxiliaries macchia, but much inferior esatto one’s own forces.